Before the European settlers arrived, the Cleveland area was known as Nandeebie, or Nandillie. This was a Jandai language word spoken by the Koobenpul people, the earliest known occupants of Cleveland and surrounds. Like the rest of the Redlands, there are several accounts of early interactions between the original inhabitants and the first European settlers. Evidence of an Aboriginal presence around Cleveland include bora rings with associated debarked trees in Ormiston and near Hilliards Creek, close to the site of the Redlands Hospital.
After the Europeans started arriving in Moreton Bay in the 1820s, Cleveland Point was briefly known as Pumpkin Point and Emu Point. The area was named Cleveland in the early 1840s by surveyors after the Duke of Cleveland, William Henry Vane. One of the Duke of Cleveland’s properties was Raby Castle in County Durham, from which we get the name Raby Bay. At the time, Cleveland was a much bigger area than it is today as it included Ormiston and Thornlands.
Settlement of the area dates from the early 1850s, when Cleveland was identified as a potential port for the entire Moreton Bay area. A small business/residential area was established, while the surrounding land was used mainly for farming. Population was minimal and rose gradually until the late 1800s, spurred by the construction of the railway line. Rapid growth took place from the 1960s into the 1980s, including the development of the Raby Bay canal estate in the early 1980s. The population continued to increase from the 1990s, a result of new dwellings being added to the area.
This historic bayside suburb contains a diverse mix of housing styles, ranging from older weatherboard homes, townhouses and villas, to the prestigious waterfront houses located in Raby Bay. In recent years there has been a lot of unit development, which has transformed parts of Cleveland's shoreline. Cleveland has experienced strong price growth over recent years as people started to recognise the suburb's many charms. While Cleveland is the retail and commercial hub for the Redland Shire, it is also a place where you'll find public artworks, historic buildings and pubs and a very popular Sunday market. Cleveland is also the departure point for a number of the vehicular and passenger services to the holiday destination of Stradbroke Island. There are many parks in Cleveland, which provide plenty of green space for a picnic or barbeque. The premier property spot in Cleveland is Raby Bay, a development that has more than its fair share of luxurious houses complete with private jetties and the obligatory well-heeled boat.
As well as being able to commute into Brisbane via the Cleveland train station, residents often find employment in the area with the Department of Primary Industries being located there, as is the Redlands Shire Council, two hospitals, an industrial estate and many other small businesses. There is primary, secondary and special school located in Cleveland with a variety of sporting clubs also located in the area. Private schools are available in neighbouring Ormiston and 8km north in Wellington Point.
The size of Cleveland is approximately 14 square kilometres. It has 30 parks covering nearly 9% of total area.The population of Cleveland in 2006 was 13,576 people. By 2011 the population was 14,418 showing a population growth of 6% in the area during that time.The predominant age group in Cleveland is 55-64 years.Households in Cleveland are primarily couples with children and are likely to be repaying between $1800 - $2400 per month on mortgage repayments.In general, people in Cleveland work in a Professional occupation.In 2006, 65.9% of the homes in Cleveland were owner-occupied compared with 63.0% in 2011.Currently the median sales price of houses in the area is 502,500.
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